The 15th of August is celebrated as Independence Day in India, since the 1947. This day isn’t just a national holiday but it is religiously celebrated throughout the country; reminding each citizen about the dawn of a new beginning.
Incredible India –
India, is a country that occupies the greater part of South Asia. It is a constitutional republic consisting of 29 states, each with a substantial degree of control over its own affairs; 6 less fully empowered union territories; and the Delhi national capital territory, which includes New Delhi, India’s capital. With roughly one-sixth of the world’s total population, India is the second most-populous country, after China.
India functioned as a virtually self-contained political and cultural arena; which gave rise to a distinctive tradition that was associated primarily with Hinduism; the roots of which can largely be traced to the Indus civilization. Other religions, notably Buddhism and Jainism, originated in India; though their presence there is now quite small. And throughout the centuries residents of the subcontinent developed a rich intellectual life; in fields such as mathematics, astronomy, architecture, literature, music, and the fine arts.
India’s Dynamic Celebration of Independence Day –
The Independence Day of India holds tremendous ground in the list of national days; since it reminds every Indian about the beginning of an era of deliverance; from the clutches of British colonialism of more than 200 years.
It was on 15th August 1947 that India declared independent from British colonialism; and the reins of control handed over to the leaders of the Country. India’s gaining of independence was a tryst with destiny; as the struggle for freedom was a long and tiresome one; witnessing the sacrifices of many freedom fighters, who laid down their lives on the line.
Independence Day marked throughout India with flag-raising ceremonies, drills, and the singing of the Indian national anthem. Additionally, various cultural programs are made available in the state capitals. After which the prime minister participates in the flag-raising ceremony at the Red Fort historic monument in Old Delhi; then a parade ensues with members of the armed forces and police. The prime minister then delivers a televised address to the country; recounting the major accomplishments of India during the previous year and outlining future challenges and goals.
Kite flying has also become an Independence Day tradition, with kites of various sizes, shapes, and colors filling the sky. Also, to commemorate the day, government offices in New Delhi remain lit throughout the holiday; even though they are closed.
History of India’s Independence Day –
European traders had established outposts in the Indian subcontinent by the 17th century. Through overwhelming military strength, the British East India company subdued local kingdoms; and established themselves as the dominant force by the 18th century. Following the First War of Independence of 1857, the Government of India Act 1858 led the British Crown to assume direct control of India. In the decades following, civic society gradually emerged across India; most notably the Indian National Congress Party, formed in 1885.
The period after World War I marked by British reforms; such as the Montagu–Chelmsford Reforms; but it also witnessed the enactment of the repressive Rowlatt Act; and calls for self-rule by Indian activists. The discontent of this period crystallized into nationwide non-violent movements of non-cooperation and civil disobedience; led by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi or commonly known as Mahatma Gandhi.
More Insight –
During the 1930s, the reform gradually legislated by the British; Congress won victories in the resulting elections. The next decade was beset with political turmoil; Indian participation in World War II; the Congress’ final push for non-cooperation; and an upsurge of Muslim nationalism led by the All-India Muslim League. The escalating political tension capped by Independence in 1947. Also, the jubilation tempered by the bloody partition of the subcontinent into India and Pakistan.
“Long years ago we made a tryst with destiny, and now the time comes when we shall redeem our pledge, not wholly or in full measure, but very substantially. At the stroke of the midnight hour, when the world sleeps, India will awake to life and freedom. A moment comes, which comes but rarely in history, when we step out from the old to the new, when an age ends, and when the soul of a nation, long suppressed, finds utterance. It is fitting that at this solemn moment, we take the pledge of dedication to the service of India and her people and to the still larger cause of humanity.”
— Tryst with Destiny speech, Jawaharlal Nehru, 15 August 1947
Hence, 15th August of each year, celebrated as India’s Independence Day; commemorating the nation’s independence from the United Kingdom on 15 August 1947. The UK Parliament passed the Indian Independence Act 1947 transferring legislative sovereignty to the Indian Constituent Assembly.