Cyclone Amphan is the first super cyclone to form in the Bay of Bengal since 1999. Consequently, it is the strongest cyclone that has struck eastern India and Bangladesh in nearly 20 years.
HOW DID CYCLONE AMPHAN IMPACT EASTERN INDIA AND BANGLADESH?
Super Cyclonic Storm Amphan made landfall in West Bengal on Wednesday and then moved on to Bangladesh.
Winds that were as strong as 185 kilometers per hour destroyed power and communication lines, all over the state, leaving many in a state of blackout.
As of Friday, 19 of West Bengal’s 80-odd deaths have occurred in the capital city, Kolkata.
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Chief Minister Mamta Banerjee said that the most common causes of death were electrocution or trees uprooted by winds.
In the neighboring country of Bangladesh, the official death toll is 16. However, the United Nations office in Bangladesh estimates 10 million people were affected, and some 500,000 people may have lost their homes.
The cyclone resulted in strong winds and heavy rains in Cox’s Bazar, even though it had weakened as it moved along the Bangladesh coast.
India’s Prime Minister Modi announced INR 10 billion in immediate assistance of West Bengal. He also announced INR 200,000 ex-gratia for the next of kin of the dead; INR 50,000 for the seriously injured.
“The country is already going through a crisis and during that time we have to deal with a cyclone,” Modi said, while announcing the aid.
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He added –
“Despite this, West Bengal is fighting well. We are all with West Bengal in these adverse times.”
The European Union has also announced initial funding of 500,000 euros for people affected by the super cyclone Amphan.
Officials in Bangladesh said the cyclone had caused about $130 million in damage.