Sh. Guru Gobind Singh was born on 22nd December 1666 in Patna, Bihar, India. He is considered the last or the 10th living Sikh Gurus. This year it occurs on 20th January as per the calender. This day remains a restricted holiday and people celebrate it by offering prayers, singing devotional songs during the procession and share sweets and sharbat (a cold drink).
He became a guru at the age of 9, and his teachings have a large role to play in every Sikh’s life. He fought against the injustice by standing against the Mughal Rulers. In 1699, Sh. Guru Gobind Singh took 5 men of the lower caste of society to baptize them as His Five Beloveds, endowing them with great courage and a devotion to God.
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Because of his dedication to God, his fearlessness and his desire to protect the people from being oppressed, he lead to establish the Khalsa- a military force of saint-soldiers which he baptized.
Under Guru Gobind Singh Ji’s guidance and inspiration, the Khalsa followed a strict moral code and spiritual discipline. It was through his courage that the people rose against the oppression of the Mughal ruler in India at the time. Apart from being a spiritual and a military leader, he was also a gifted writer who did literature work. Before his death in 1708, he declared the Guru Granth Sahib, which is Sikhism’s Holy Scripture to be the permanent Sikh Guru.
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