Since gender pay gap has started being monitored, the difference between the earnings of women and men has shrunk. However, the significant disparity in how men and women are paid still remains. The uncontrolled gender pay gap, which takes the ratio of median earnings of all women to all men, decreased by $0.05 since 2015. However, women still make only $0.79 for every dollar men make in 2019.
What often gets lost in translation is what the uncontrolled wage gap truly represents — that women are less likely to hold high-level, high-paying jobs than men. There are structural barriers which keep women from advancing in the workplace– this is what we call the opportunity gap.
The controlled gender pay gap, which controls for a number of factors such as job title, years of experience, industry and location so that the only differentiation between workers is their gender, shrunk by just $0.008 since 2015. Women now make $0.98 for every dollar an equivalent man makes.
Additionally, when we discuss the gender pay gap, it’s important to remember that women are not one homogenous group: women of color face a different set of barriers in getting fair pay and advancing in the workplace compared to white women. This year, we took a close look at the intersection of gender and race and examined how the gender wage gap differs for women of various races. We also examine the opportunity gap for women of different races.
Last but not least, we’ve created a guide for HR professionals and business leaders who seek to close the gender wage gap and make their workplace more equitable for all employees.
Between January 2017 and February 2019, nearly 1.8 million people took PayScale’s online salary survey, providing information about their industry, occupation, location and other compensable factors. They also reported demographic information, including age, gender, and race. We leveraged this sample to provide insights into the controlled and uncontrolled gender pay gap. For analysis by race, we look only to those with at least a bachelor’s degree. All gender pay gap numbers reported are relative to white men.