The U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics’ reports have revealed that women now outnumber men in the US workforce.
However, just an increase in their number isn’t the entire story. There are various nuances in this, especially based on the type of industry in question.
HOW MUCH SHARE OF THE US WORKFORCE DO WOMEN OCCUPY?
According to the Bureau’s December jobs report, women make up 50.04% of the US workforce. In percentage form, this number seems incredibly small, negligible. However, the actual number of women occupying positions is way more than men. There are now 109,000 more women working than men.
This number has risen from 49.7%, the percentage of females in the workforce the previous year.
They are also occupying more and more positions in traditionally male-dominated sectors such as construction. Even then, their number is quite low.
Females have played a significant role in the rise of the service sector. By gaining more control over household spending and entering the workforce, they have helped healthcare, education and retail industries to grow. All of these industries are ones with high rates of female employment. As a result, certain services have made it easier for them to join the workforce. These services include daycare, home health care, food preparation, etc.
However, this does not symbolise the end of our problems.
WHICH PROBLEMS STILL EXIST?
Even though women are increasingly joining the workforce, the obstacles they have to face in order to join it haven’t gone away. Similarly, the struggles they have to go through after joining the workforce are still very much real.
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The problems in the service sector are twofold. Firstly, they occupy a majority of low-paying jobs in a particular sector. For example, the healthcare sector includes various high-paying jobs. These can be physicians, surgeons, et cetera. However, the many many of this sector’s low-paying jobs, such as home health aides, are predominantly held by females.
Additionally, women who occupy the same positions as men are not paid as much as men are. This is termed as the gender pay gap, under which women are paid lower than their male counterparts solely because they’re women.